National Park Era 1929-1950
|1929||Congress creates Grand Teton National Park.|
|1930||Lee Manges’ cabin is moved to Jenny Lake to function as the park’s first ranger station.|
|1931||Map of Grand Teton National Park.|
|1931||Glen Exum makes a solo ascent of the Exum Ridge of the Grand Teton.|
|1931||The new park issues permits for concession operations at Jenny Lake.|
|1933-1942||Civilian Conservation Corps worked on park improvement projects.|
|1943||President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates Jackson Hole National Monument.|
|1945||The Muries (Olaus and Mardy Murie, and Adolph and Louise Murie) purchase STS Ranch.|
|1945||Cattle ranching declines as tourism becomes the economic mainstay of Jackson Hole.|
|1945||Map of Grand Teton National Park.|
|1946||Commercial air service begins in Jackson Hole.|
|1948||Map of Grand Teton National Park.|
|1950||Congress passes legislation enlarging Grand Teton National Park.|
Tourists and a Modern ParkView Next
Congress creates Grand Teton National Park.
When Congress creates Grand Teton National Park in 1929, it protects the Teton Range and the mountain lakes along its base (Phelps, Taggart, Bradley, Jenny and Leigh). The original park does not protect the valley of Jackson Hole. A part of Jackson Hole is added to the park in 1950.
Lee Manges’ cabin is moved to Jenny Lake to function as the park’s first ranger station.
Glen Exum makes a solo ascent of the Exum Ridge of the Grand Teton.
As a new guide working for Paul Petzoldt, Glen Exum makes a spectacular leap across a gap in a ledge in order to climb the ridge that now bears his name.
The new park issues permits for concession operations at Jenny Lake.
Charles Wort rents boats and A. C. Lyon operates a saddle horse operation. Harrison Crandall moves his rustic log studio to South Jenny Lake where he sells photographs and paintings into the 1950s.
Civilian Conservation Corps worked on park improvement projects.
The Civilian Conservation Corps clears dead, drowned trees from Jackson Lake, builds trails, improves campgrounds and constructs buildings for the new park headquarters during the great depression. These projects greatly expand facilities in the park.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates Jackson Hole National Monument.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt issues proclamation establishing Jackson Hole National Monument. The monument includes 32,000 acres of land that John D. Rockefeller, Jr. later donates to include in Grand Teton National Park.
The Muries (Olaus and Mardy Murie, and Adolph and Louise Murie) purchase STS Ranch.
Olaus Murie directs the Wilderness Society and, along with Mardy, works on wilderness legislation including the Wilderness Act of 1964 and an act to create the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Adolph and Louise continue to work on their ecological studies.
Cattle ranching declines as tourism becomes the economic mainstay of Jackson Hole.
Commercial air service begins in Jackson Hole.
Congress passes legislation enlarging Grand Teton National Park.
Congress passes legislation merging the original Grand Teton National Park and the Jackson Hole National Monument.