Prehistoric Indians 14,000-500 years ago
|14,000years ago||The last of the glaciers retreat from the valley of Jackson Hole.|
|11,000years ago||First paleo-Indians enter Jackson Hole.|
|8,000-1,500years ago||Native peoples inhabit Jackson Hole.|
|1,500-500years ago||Bow and arrow replaces atlatl: clary and soapstone bowls used.|
|500-200years ago||American Indian tribes use resources in Jackson Hole.|
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14,000 years ago Close
The last of the glaciers retreat from the valley of Jackson Hole.
Plants and animals begin to colonize the region after the retreat of the Ice Age glaciers.
11,000 years ago Close
First paleo-Indians enter Jackson Hole.
The first paleo-Indians enter Jackson Hole where they made obsidian tools, hunted large animals and gathered plant resources. Use of the valley was seasonal during the summer.
8,000-1,500 years ago Close
Native peoples inhabit Jackson Hole.
Native peoples inhabit Jackson Hole during the summer season. They gather plants and hunt large animals using an atlatl and construct stone-lined roasting pits. (Photo credit: USGS, W.H. Jackson)
1,500-500 years ago Close
Bow and arrow replaces atlatl: clary and soapstone bowls used.
The bow and arrow replaces the atlatl. Indians use local materials to manufacture clay and soapstone bowls. They continue to hunt and gather the resources of Jackson Hole during the summer season.
500-200 years ago Close
American Indian tribes use resources in Jackson Hole.
American Indian tribes that we know today – Shoshone (also known as the sheep-eaters and the Snake), Bannock, Crow, Blackfoot and Gros Ventre use the resources of Jackson Hole seasonally. Tribal territories change when Indians acquire the horse.